Analysis of UNHCR's Response to Somalis Refugee Expansion in Kenya
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UNHCR's Response to Somalis Refugee Expansion in Kenya
In 2011, Dadaab, Kenya received an influx over a hundred forty thousand new immigrants fleeing the effects of a severe drought in Somalia. Currently, the total population of refugees living in both official UNHCR camps, as well as the unofficial camps that surround these, is approaching half a million people. The Dadaab refugee camp is well beyond the capacity it was built for and is struggling to keep up with the demand. Children are among the most unfortunate victims. Not only do some die even before making to the camp because of the treacherous journey that must be taken to get there, but it is also estimated that nearly thirty percent of the refugee children are malnourished. This paper will examine the UNHCR's response to the crisis that is crisis that is occurring in Kenya and discus what actions might be taken to help mitigate further suffering.
The Crisis The drought in Eastern Africa is one of the worst droughts the region has experienced in years (Keane 2011). Not only has the ground become so arid that no crops will grow but the animals that were herded for food have also died from lack of nutrition. The local ecosystems can no longer support life in these areas and the natural resources continue to degrade rapidly. Without food or access to drinking water, there is little choice for the Somalis population other than to move towards the only known refugee camp. The refugee camp in Dadaab was