Analysis of a Few Key Points Relating the Second Vatican Council to Specific Challenges of the Modern World

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When, in 1965, the Second Vatican Council was coming to an end, the message of Pope Paul VI aimed at sealing the closure by perpetuating St. Augustine's advise to "set forth authentic doctrine on divine revelation and how it is handed on, so that by hearing the message of salvation the whole world may believe, by believing it may hope, and by hoping it may love." (Pope Paul VI, 1965). It seems as though the Church's leader and, with him, the whole representative body of the Catholic Church had felt the imperious urge to send a new, but somehow antique message to the world. In the following, we shall attempt to analyze a few key points relating the council to specific challenges of the modern world, challenges to which some theologians have responded in a particular manner and, as such, have given course to a series of innovative ideas regarding religion today and its understanding. In Catholic understanding, the Church is not solely that which bears the teachings of Christ himself, thus the Christian belief of hope and love, but also the instrument of divine justice and worldly responsibility. Within these premises, the council's mission is not limited at reminding individuals of the righteous teaching, but can incorporate several other actions such as the enacting of the religious mass, how the Church manifests itself or issues pertaining to how the Church acts within certain periods of time. Thus, one such council holds the power to not only to change the patterns of

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