Analysis of a Story in the Newspaper

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Introduction ‘News media investigate, analyze, and report to stakeholder publics on issues and event s that occur around the globe in a twenty-four-hour, 365-day news cycle’ (Richard,2007:98). Because of the way news media works, we know what is happening in the world and we can have ‘connection’ to other places. With new media arising, the information transmission process become even faster. Though new media is getting more prevalent, still, a considerable amount of people rely on one of the traditional news media – newspaper. Facing the competition, the way news reported may change as newspapers ‘need to maintain large circulation figures to stay profitable’ (Bignell 1997:83). This directly affects how news is presented. To make news…show more content…
It is usually ‘short’ and ‘effective’ (Reah, 2002:15). Through looking at the headline, readers can more or less guess what the text is about. ‘8 HK tourists, hostage-taker killed on hijacked Manila tourist bus’ There headline of the news has only 10 running words, however, the main idea of the news story is still clear. It tells the people involved, the place the event taken place and the nature of the event. It shows its function to ‘encapsulate’ the news (ibid:14). Orientation and evaluation From the very beginning of the story, journalists’ ‘mental analysis of what goes in a story’ has involved (Bell, 1991: 169). In the opening paragraph of the news, journalist tells readers about four aspects - who (Hong Kong tourists and ex-policeman), when (yesterday), where (Manila), and what (hostage). These four aspects are the basic facts that ‘concentrate at the beginning of a story’ (Bell:1991). It is an obligatory part of news story and named as ‘Orientation’. From this lead paragraph, readers are able to grasp the context of the news – There was a hostage event happened yesterday in Manila, involving Hong Kong tourists and an ex-policeman. Following the orientation paragraph is ‘Evaluation’. Orientation helps to ‘form the lens through which the reminder of the story is viewed’ (ibid., 1991: 152). In this part, the story is elaborated. Through this part, a journalist hopes to make the text seem to

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