Analysis of the Brown v Board of Education Case

2525 WordsJun 18, 201811 Pages
It is imperative to note that the case of Brown v Board of Education is based on a chronological history of the fight towards realization of human rights in the United States. This essay shall begin by discussing the history chronologically and accessing it whilst the essay goes along. It is clear that even though the United States constitution guaranteed equal rights to all men, the issue of slavery prevailed under violation of other human rights. It was only after the Civil War that slave trade was considered unlawful. It was not until 1865 that the Thirteenth Amendment was put into effect to help bring to an end slave trade. The need to strengthen the legal rights of slaves was noticed and by 1868 the Fourteenth Amendment was used to…show more content…
The decisions that followed prepared the way on which the case of Brown case took place. The first of the series of cases was the case of Murray v. Maryland. The Maryland school of law was rejecting students basing on their skin color (Anderson, 2004). Thurgood represented Murray in this decision where he argued that then he was as qualified as other white students who were admitted into the same school. He argued that the criteria used in admitting students was discriminating and the student did not have another institution to pursue his career. He further argued that failure to admit him was going against his right to education. The challenge of the Maryland’s decision was before the Baltimore City Court. The Baltimore City Court decided in favor of Maryland. Maryland appealed to the Maryland Court of Appeal and the court upheld the decision. The continued fight by NAACP Legal Defense took the case of Missouri exparte Gaines v. Canada. The Missouri school of law offered Gaines an option of being admitted into the school of the blacks that they intended to build. He was also given an option of attending another school whereby his fee was to be paid by the school. Gaines rejected the said offers. His decision reached the Supreme Court, which held in his favor. The Supreme Court cited the equal protection clause. The subsequent decisions were founded on the decision in Murray. The legal battle reached its peak in the
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