Analysis of the Free-Throw Shot

1527 Words Oct 23rd, 1999 7 Pages
Analysis of the Free-Throw Shot

When deciding about a movement to study, I thought about many, and very few interested me. Then I decided to choose something that was very important to me.
Shooting the basketball, and more specifically the technique in performing a free throw. I thought by looking more closely at the details of a movement I have been doing since a small child. I thought possibly I could learn something that would give me an advantage in my shot. The application of this particular movement is for shooting a free-throw, which is a stand still uncontested shot. There are a few rules that go with shooting a free-throw, such as you have to be behind the fifteen foot line, called the free-throw line, and you
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This is where you want to focus on the rim and extend at the elbow, and extending at the wrist. Now to talk about what all this really means and how you get the ball from your hand to the rim. When we do it, we consider it to be very simple, but it is actually a very complex movement, involving many different muscles. Many muscles are involved, some more than others. I will first talk about the ones used the least. The shoulder girdle involves muscles that are key to the movement, but are mostly used in stabilization of the shoulder. The Trapezius and the Rhomboid muscles are stabilizers of the shoulder along with the rotator cuff muscles including the Supraspinatis, Infraspinatis, Teres Minor, and Subscapularis which provide dynamic stability of the shoulder. All these muscles are key, but are not involved much in the actual movement. The Serratus Anterior is commonly used in movements drawing the scapula forward with slight upward rotation, and would be used in shooting the basketball and works in conjunction with Pectoralis Minor. Now we will get into some of the muscles actually doing the work when shooting the free-throw. The Deltoid, which is one of the most important muscles involved in any shoulder movement is responsible for the movement of the Humerus. Any movement of the Humerus will involve the Deltoid. The Coracobrachialis assist in flexion of the shoulder. Other muscles involved in the cocking phase of
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