Analysis on Fraternities and Rape on Campus Essay examples

873 WordsNov 14, 20074 Pages
The first main sociological question in the "Fraternities and Rape on Campus" study performed by Patricia Yancey Martin and Robert A. Hummer was, "What characteristics do fraternities have that make them prone to objectification of women and more likely to commit gang rape on college campuses and why fraternities encourage the sexual coercion of women. According to Martin and Hummer (1989: 459), "fraternities are vitally concerned – more than anything else – with masculinity (cf. Kanin 1967)." This sets the paradigm that they will look into. The paradigm they look from is the eyes of a fraternity's typically nature and values and actions they take part in to decipher what really takes place in order to understand the fraternity's view as…show more content…
They also looked at the types of values that fraternities look down upon including: "'wimpishness', effeminacy, and homosexuality." By establishing a set core of values, they were able to further in developing a closer hypothesis on why fraternities are more likely to view women as a commodity. By that Martin and Hummer (1989: 463) mean that "fraternities use women for their benefit, as bait for new members, servers of brother's needs, and as sexual prey." This is a pattern they saw in fraternities that added to their idea that fraternities are more likely to commit acts that could lead to gang rape. They also noticed a pattern of cohesiveness among fraternities. Martin and Hummer also discovered that "secrecy is a priority value and practice in fraternities, partly because full-fledged membership is premised on it. Secrecy is also a boundary-maintaining mechanism, demarcating i-group from out-group, us from them.". According to their study (1989: 461), "loyalty is a fraternity preoccupation" and that "members are admonished to avoid getting the fraternity in trouble and to bring problems ‘to the chapter' rather than to outsiders." This pattern was brought up in the Florida State case, when the entire roster of potential members did not want to cooperate with the investigation. Martin and
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