Analyzing Abortion Essay

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Analyzing Abortion

In 1973, Roe versus Wade instigated an ongoing debate in the United States concerning the implementation of abortion (Rubin 1). Prior to Roe, abortion was illegal, however it was practiced. In 1846, a few blocks south of Manhattan’s Greenwich Village, Madame Restell performed illegal abortions to “cure” female irregularities, or pregnancies (Rubin 1). After Restell, a group called “Jane”, also known as the Abortion Counseling Service of the Chicago Women’s Liberation Union, performed more than 11,000 illegal abortions from 1969-73 in Chicago alone (Horst 1). Though the Court decision lawfully settled the argument, the abortion issue developed further creating a substantial amount of turmoil between the opposing
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As of 1997, 49 countries, including many industrialized European countries, have abortion legislations similar to the United States (Henshaw et al. 58).

The abortion debate is controversial because it predominantly centers on society’s religious and moral beliefs. Religion is the leading variable of individuals opposing legalized abortion in the United States (Kelley). Furthermore, Kristin Luker believes that the moral positions of activists on both sides of the abortion issue reflect their individual worldviews on sexuality, family life, technology and the importance of the individual; however, the pro-choice and pro-life movements are not effective in changing people’s moral beliefs on abortion (Luker). The key issue our candidate must address is the federal government’s participation in funding state sponsored sex education programs and greater coverage of abortion costs.

The public’s stance on abortion has remained relatively stable since the Roe decision. Fifty six percent of the general public feels that abortion should be legal in certain circumstances such as rape, incest or health complications. Overall, pro-life advocates’ views on abortion tend to be congruent across the board. Ninety eight percent of abortion opponents feel it is morally wrong in all circumstances (Scott). However, the pro-choice movement is more fragmented in its opinions. Twenty-seven percent of pro-choice people support abortion even though they believe it is morally…

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