Analyzing The Production Of Grapes

1605 Words Feb 22nd, 2016 7 Pages
Viticulture examines the production of grapes. Viticulture takes into account everything outdoors, including key factors such as geography, climate, soil, drainage, graftin¬¬g, the vine life cycle, and harvest.

Geography: Mountainous terrain = water run off which helps with drainage.

Climate: Warm locations will produce sweeter and riper fruit, therefore creating sweet wine with high alcohol content since these grapes are producing more sugar for the yeast to eat. When the climate is cool, lower temperatures maintain the acidity and make it hard for grapes to ripen.

Soil: Dry, arid soil is critical since grapes don’t do well in rich, organic soils. If wines receive a large amount of nutrients, they go vegetative which is when grape veins stop producing grapes.

Drainage: Poor soil drainage limits growth and size.

Grafting: Due to phylloxera, which is a sap sucking insect that feeds on the roots and leaves of grape vines grafting is necessary in order to grow European grapes in American soil.

Harvest: If harvest is done by hand, it takes several people, several hours to complete harvesting of the vineyard. But when it is done by a machine it only takes 40 minutes to complete 1 acre. Since harvesting by hand takes more work and involves more time, wines created from those hand harvested grapes cost more.

Organic Winemaking: A wine that used organically grown grapes deprived of additional sulfites.

Sustainable Viticulture: Reducing the harmful components that may impact…
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