"The Lottery" Symbolism

649 Words Jan 16th, 2018 3 Pages
Summers. "The lottery was conducted--as were the square dances, the teen club, the Halloween program--by Mr. Summers." Summers might be the busy body of the village, but he is not the protagonist of the story. Because he represents the status quo situation in the village, his presence in the story is one of the most significant symbols of "The Lottery." Summers represents blind adherence to ritual, as he is in charge of the operation of the lottery. As part of his duties as lottery manager, Summers controls the black box where all the names are placed. The fact that Summers will have no heirs signifies the fact that he represents the antiquated ideas that the lottery symbolizes. Because of his personal life, because his bloodline is ending, and because his character represents blind adherence to ritual, Mr. Summers becomes the symbol of Shirley Jackson's "The Lottery,"
Summers' personal life and appearance suggest a lot about what he symbolizes in the short story. For one, Summers's name is symbolic because the lottery takes place in the season of summer, on June 27. Summers is described simply as a "round-faced, jovial man." His face seems rather sunny, also in keeping with the symbolism of his name. Otherwise, his looks do not have a strong bearing on his character. However, the "people were sorry for him because he had no children and his wife was a scold." It could also be that his…