Anasazi Culture Essay

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Long before the coming of the so-called "civilized" Europeans, North America was inhabited by traveling bands of ancient people. Nomadic tribes, these early ancestors of Southwest Native Americans traveled the land in search of food from the thriving herds of large animals. But possibly as early as A.D. 900, as the wandering herds began to diminish, these people began to settle down and developed societies and cultures around what is called the Four Corners area of the southwest, in southern Utah and Colorado, and northern Arizona and New Mexico. Referred to as "Hisatsinom" by their Hopi descendants, the people are probably better known as "Anasazi," the Navajo name said to mean "ancient enemies." Other, more traditional, Native…show more content…
Throughout the ages, the kiva has remained a sacred site, a place of spiritual energy and space. The early Anasazi people lived in small groups of a few families, with perhaps 10-25 people living in each village, on average, for about 10-20 years. However, the Anasazi population exploded during the last half of the 11th century, filling the Grand Canyon region of the Southwest. And, as their society grew, the Anasazi villages banded together to control their water supply with earthen dams and irrigation systems, turning parts of the high arid desert into gardens of various crops to feed their people. The old culture was able to develop crops with deep roots, able to reach underground water, and thus afford the Anasazi greater access to food supplies. As their food grew, their society grew, and with that, culture and art flourished. Baskets and pottery were plentiful, with both functional uses and artful appearances. As the tribes grew, they also developed elaborate trading routes, enabling them to travel to far away places, trading for goods which they, themselves, lacked. These trade roads also allowed other people of the regions to come into the Anasazi villages for equal trade, as well. Life was good for these once nomadic and unsettled people. Settlements around what we know today as Chaco Canyon,

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