Anatomically Modern Humans

968 WordsJun 19, 20184 Pages
To be anatomically modern is in many ways what makes us unique and “evolved” among our earlier ancestors. It's our anatomical makeup that allows us to be advanced. From large brains that help facilitate our complex language systems to our opposable thumbs that allow us to do work with our hands in both manual labor as well as fine motor skills like writing or typing, these anatomical features among others are pivotal in what it means to be a modern human. Anatomically modern humans were found in more than one location across the globe (Europe, Asia and Africa) which has led scientists to formulate two different theories as to why this is. The first is the regional continuity model and the replacement model (with some variations on…show more content…
The chin is present and the face did not slope down or forward like earlier hominins and the skulls were very thick. While most of the modern humans found were of average height similar to today's humans, scientists did find remains of some “little people” as well that were less than three feet tall, and “dwarfed” from other humans. This species was called Homo floresiensis named after the location of Flores, Indonesia where they were discovered. Not unlike early, but modern humans, the humans of today are also varied. Skin color is one of the most obvious difference among humans today. There are Caucasian, white skinned people, Negro people with black skin, “red skinned” Native Americans, “yellow skinned” Asians, and “brown skinned” Indians. And even among those many groups, the skin color can vary. Mixing of Negro and Caucasion for example produces a skin color similar to cocoa. Not black, but not white. When humans were first categorized into race, there were five basic races that were defined simply as white, yellow, red, black and brown. Now, it's no longer that simple or concise. Through interbreeding, humans now come in many varieties of skin colors. Eye color is also a modern human variation that depends on genetics to determine the color your eyes will be. Hair color and texture is another variation that again, relies on genetics to determine. And internally, a human's blood type is also a variation, though, there are only a few
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