Anchored Instruction Theory. Problem-Based Learning Using

1521 WordsJan 29, 20177 Pages
Anchored Instruction Theory Problem-based learning using video technology The Anchored Instruction Educational Model was first introduced in 1990 by The Cognition and Technology Group at Vanderbilt University (CTGV) under the leadership of John Bransford. The work focused on the development of interactive videodisc tools that encouraged learners and instructors to pose and solve complex, realistic problems. For example, a story that revolves around a mystery that must be solved, which includes the use of mathematical equations. The video materials serve as "anchors" for all subsequent learning and instruction. As explained by CTGV (1993): "The design of these anchors was quite different from the design of videos that were typically used in…show more content…
An anchored instruction activity supports learning opportunities that relate to and extend thinking to other content areas (Bransford, 1994). Anchored instruction falls within the student-centered constructivist learning theory where learning is an active process of knowledge construction. Because learners are active participants in the instruction, the learner has more control over the process. They actively construct knowledge, engage in critical thinking and are encouraged to develop a metacognitive process. As such, learner control is a critical aspect of the anchored instruction model (Cena & Mitchell, 1998). A frequently mentioned anchored instruction program is the Jasper Woodbury Series, developed by CTGV in 1992 (CTGV, 1992). The video-based segments in the Jasper Series are approximately 15 to 20 minutes in length, and designed to pose problems that elementary school learners must solve through reasoning and effective communication. The learners must solve the problems on their own before they are allowed to see how the characters in the video solved the problem (CTGV, 1992). The problems are similar to traditional word problems in mathematics instruction, but are not as structured or

More about Anchored Instruction Theory. Problem-Based Learning Using

Open Document