Ancient Civilizations

1009 Words Feb 3rd, 2018 4 Pages
This historical period lies between 4000 to 1200 BCE. Ostensibly, these civilizations were triggered by the onset of irrigations systems, which concomitantly increased food and water supply. Irrigation schemes and availability of food set precedence for people tens of thousands of people to live together in a common geographical location. Cities, states, and centrally developed kingdoms developed. From historical facts gathered, it is believed that the earliest civilization began in Mesopotamia and Egypt about 4000 BCE and 3500 BCE respectively. In this study, focus is on the developments in civilizations that can be recognized from writing and laws of Mesopotamia and Egypt (Charpin 47).
Before focusing on the civilization in Mesopotamia and Egypt, it is essential to understand some of the characteristic features of this civilization. According to Brophy James et al, there are ten main indicators of civilization. They include irrigation agriculture, organized religions and places of worship, social stratification or classes, metallurgy or Bronze Age civilizations, increase in commercial activities such as trade, city or states, and monumental architecture (Brophy et al, 72).

Mesopotamian Civilization
Mesopotamia Civilization describes the cultures that flourished in the present day Iraq between 4000 and 1600 BCE. The Sumerians inhabited this place and came up with the culture of…