Ancient Eastern Thought and the Old Testament Essay

10692 Words Mar 22nd, 2013 43 Pages
LIBERTY UNIVERSITY
THE BIBLE AMONG THE MYTHS JOHN, N. OSWALT

A SUMMARY PAPER OF THE TEXT ANCIENT NEAR EASTERN THOUGHT AND THE OLD TESTAMENT
SUBMITTED
TO DR. RANDY G. HANEY

DEPARTMENT OF THEOLOGY

BY

03 MARCH 2013
Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: HISTORY AND METHODS 3 CHAPTER 2: COMPARATIVE STUDIES, SCHOLARSHIP, AND THEOLOGY 6 CHAPTER 3: SUMMARY OF THE LITERATURE OF THE ANCIENT NEAR EAST 10 CHAPTER 4: THE GODS 14 CHAPTER 5: TEMPLES AND RITUALS 19 CHAPTER 6: STATE AND FAMILY RELIGION 22 CHAPTER 7: COSMIC GEOGRAPHY 25 CHAPTER 8: COSMOLOGY AND COSMOGONY 28 CHAPTER 9: UNDERSTANDING THE PAST HUMAN ORIGINS AND ROLE 31 CHAPTER 10: UNDERSTANDING THE PAST 34 CHAPTER 11: ENCOUNTERING THE PRESENT 38 CHAPTER 12:
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Cultural Dimensions of Theology
An examination of Israelite theology goes beyond finding similarities and differences, it should articulate the relationships which existed and clarify the cultural context. Otherwise, the mere interpretation of text may lead to interpretation with a theological significance based on our understanding.
Scope of Comparative Study
Academic attention in comparative studies focused on either individual features or literary preservation of traditions. Comparative research can be divided into three categories: 1) individual elements, 2) worldview concepts, and 3) literary preservation.
Conclusions
Walton listed ten principles for performing comparative studies and stated four goals for undertaking background studies.

CHAPTER 2: COMPARATIVE STUDIES, SCHOLARSHIP, AND THEOLOGY
Comparative study is employed by critical scholars in the critical study of historical and literary texts and is also used in confessional contexts. This chapter will look at the roles comparative studies play in both the critical and confessional contexts as well as how it is utilized for polemic purposes.
Comparative Study and Critical Scholarship
Darwin’s theory of evolution spurred critical scholarship in the nineteenth century and evolution provided the groundwork for being sympathetic to the idea that religious practice and

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