Ancient Egypt- Egyptian Culture Essay

2506 Words Jun 30th, 2011 11 Pages
Ancient Egypt Art was very important to the Egyptian culture. It symbolized Egyptian beliefs and their way of life. In western culture, art is a form of self-expression, for the Egyptians it was more about religion. The Egyptians were critical of their art and followed strict specific rules (canon), and believed that imperfect art (art that did not stick to the rules) upset the gods. Egyptian art comes almost exclusively from tombs and temples, which emphasized some basic elements, engraving, sculpture, and painting. Egyptian art was not intended for decoration, but rather to replicate the living world for the dead. Egyptian art forms included architecture, in which the style developed during the Pre-dynasty period and remained …show more content…
From the north side the profile of the Sphinx reveals the proportion of the body to the head. It would appear as though the head is small in proportion to the body of the Sphinx. Because of the changing desert terrain, the body of the Sphinx has been buried several times. Most recently in 1905, the sand has been cleared away to expose the magnitude and beauty of the entirety of the Sphinx. The paws themselves are 50 feet long (15m) while the entire length is 150 feet (45m). The head is 30 (10m) feet long and 14 feet (4m) wide. Because certain layers of the stone are softer than others, there is a high degree of erosion that has claimed the original detail of the carved figure. The most popular theory of the builder of the Sphinx is that the 4th Dynasty King, Chafer, commissioned it. Chafer was one of the sons of Khufu. The Sphinx lines up with the Pyramid of Chafer at the foot of the walkway (Figure 2). A pyramid is a large stone structure with a square base and four sloping triangular sides that meet in a point at the top However, the pyramids are anything but simple, and they were built by different people at various times in history. Hundreds of thousands of men were used to construct these large monuments and they took many years to complete them. The Great Pyramid of Giza is located in Cairo, Egypt, on the west bank of the Nile River. It was built by the Egyptian pharaoh, Khufu, of
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