Ancient Egyptian Agriculture.

1061 WordsJun 16, 20185 Pages
Ancient Egyptian Agriculture There are many valid points to be made in Ancient Egyptian agriculture. Irrigation, ploughing and planting, harvesting, and of course, crops. These will be some of the subtopics I will be touching upon in this essay of ancient Egyptian agriculture. Irrigation When the Nile is overflowing, it floods the Delta and the lands called Libyan and Arabian, for a distance of a journey of two days from both banks in places, and sometimes, sometimes less. I could not learn anything about its nature, neither from the priests nor from anyone else. I was curious to learn why the Nile is flooding for a hundred days from the summer solstice; and when this time is passed, sinks again, and the river is low during the whole…show more content…
The whole population took part and on big estates journeying harvesting teams were employed. These itinerant reapers began the season in the southern part of the country and followed the ripening crops downriver. The administration was involved in everything the farmer did, from the assignment of the land to the collecting of the taxes, here is a quote on what some things were said: “Made by the overseer of fields, experienced in his office, The offspring of a scribe of Egypt, The overseer of grains who controls the measure, Who sets the harvest-dues for his lord, Who registers the islands of new land, In the great name of his majesty, Who records the markers on the borders of fields, Who acts for the king in his listing of taxes, Who makes the land-register of Egypt, The scribe who determines the offerings for all the gods, Who gives land-leases to the people, The overseer of grains, [provider] of food, Who supplies the granary with grains.....” -The Instruction of Amenemope New Kingdom M. Lichtheim, Ancient Egyptian Literature, Volume II, pp. 448f Before the harvest began, surveyors, scribes, supervisors and inspectors came to measure the size of the fields and estimated the quantity of grain. Scribes trying to impress their pupils with the harshness of a peasant's daily struggle for survival, may have slightly exaggerated the methods used by tax-collectors. Crops
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