Ancient Greece : A Single Political Body

850 Words4 Pages
In the first section of the chapter describing ancient Greece, Paul Cartledge explains that researchers know how and in what way the ancient Greeks surrendered in battle, but do not know exactly why they surrendered since they did not keep a comprehensive account of their surrenders. Cartledge goes on to describe ancient Greece, not as a single political body, but being composed of one thousand separate, widely dispersed entities known as city-states. Some of these city-states, including Athens and Sparta, were radically different from each other. But according to Herodotus, these separate states were all united under their decent, linguistics, customs, and religion, but divided because of politics and self-differentiation. It was the disuniting factors that caused these states to fight among one another and other non-Greek states. Cartledge mentions he based most of this chapter off of the writings of two men from two different wars: Thucydides from the Peloponnesian War and Herodotus from the Persian Wars. According to him, the ancient Greeks typically identified themselves by their state name first and then as being Greek second. But under the Persian Wars, the Greeks united to fight off the Persian invaders. The author finishes the section by describing Greek culture and customs not just from the Greeks themselves, but from other outsiders as well. These outsiders, such as the Egyptians, Hittites, Assyrians, and Persians, influenced the Greeks in culture, military,
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