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Essay on Ancient Greek Doctors

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Hippocrates and Galen
Comparative study between the best Greek Medical doctors of ancient Times.

Introduction
As The Greek empire declined, Rome inherited its medical traditions and knowledge. During the 1st and 2nd centuries A.D health standards dropped considerably and outbreaks occurred of life threatening diseases. Galen of Pergamon, a follower of Hippocrates, gathered much of the medical knowledge of the time and added to it his studies of anatomy and physiology (mostly of animals). In Spite of his errors in describing certain anatomical and physiology phenomena, his writing created the foundation for medicine over 1500 years later in Europe. Though Galen created a historical event, he indeed followed and admired one of the
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(Hippocrates, Hippocratic writings). The central historical figure in Greek medicine is Hippocrates "FATHER OF MEDICINE". He provided an example of the ideal physician after which others centuries after him patterned their existence. He was associated with the Asclepium of Cos, an island off the coast of Asia Minor, near Rhodes and with a group of medical treaties know collectively as the Hippocratic Corpus. The Corpus grounded on the four elements:
· Earth
· Air
· Fire
· Water
The four elements identified as human where:
· Phlegm
· Blood
· Yellow Bile
· Black Bile
Though virtually worthless as a theory, it remained the fundamental scene of European medicine for over two millenia. Hippocrates confined the medical man to medicine. His concern was rather with the physician’s duties than his rights. Hence the greatest legacy of Hippocrates: the Hippocratic Oath.

Hippocratic Oath
The Oath

By Hippocrates

Written 400 B.C.E

Translated by Francis Adams

I SWEAR by Apollo the physician, and Aesculapius, and Health, and All-heal, and all the gods and goddesses, that, according to my ability and judgment, I will keep this Oath and this stipulation- to reckon him who taught me this Art equally dear to me as my parents, to share my substance with him, and relieve his necessities if required; to look upon his offspring in the same footing as my own brothers, and to teach them this art, if they shall wish to learn
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