Ancient Greek Medicine Essay

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The direct relationship between one and the ability to restore one's body to its original state of health may never be fully comprehended. The fields of medicine and health are two most paramount features affecting the daily lives of all beings. Throughout recorded history, various cultures concoct their own methods of alternative medicine for treatment and therapy which is then relied on by todays nations. Medicine in its earliest times begins with the ancient civilizations' assimilation with the world around and their beliefs on how things function. Ancient Greek medicine may have began with spiritual beliefs but Greek practitioners had steered the medical profession in the right direction for modern times. To fully comprehend Greek…show more content…
“The cures would then later be self-administered or carried out by resident priests in the more complex cases. Thankful patients often left votive offerings at the site, sometimes depicting the body part which had been cured. The site also had a 6000 seat theatre (340-330 BCE) which is the best preserved theatre in Greece and still in use today”(Cartwright). The legacy of the ancient Greek world on medical practice have been tremendous. “In the Hippocratic Corpus ‘which is roughly 70 medical works written between 450 and 350 B.C’, disease was thought to be caused by isonomia, the predominance of one of the 4 bodily humors, which are Blood, Black bile, Yellow bile and Phlegm ” (Gill). Thus developing the Theory of the Four Humors created by Hippocrates. According to Gill, each humor is identified with one of the four seasons, universal element and certain qualities. Black bile is associated with Autumn and with earth and is to be cold and dry, while blood is correlated spring and air and is to be hot and moist. Yellow bile is identified with summer and fire and is to be hot and dry, as phlegm is linked with Winter and water and is to be cold and moist. Too much earth made one melancholic, too much air made one sanguine, too much fire made one choleric and too much water made one phlegmatic. As the first step to keeping one healthy, a shrewd Hippocratic physician would prescribe a regimen of:
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