Ancient Greek Philosophy -Paper

776 Words Sep 27th, 2012 4 Pages
Lovers of Wisdom

Ancient Greek philosophy arouse in the 6th century BCE, some claim that Greek
Philosophy was influenced by the older wisdom literature and mythological cosmogonies of the
Ancient Greek Near East. Greeks had confidence in the power of the mind Greeks used observation and reason to determine why things happened, they opened up a new way of looking at human existence. During the time of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle it was a crime to investigate the things above the heavens and below the Earth. Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were well known philosophers. Their research contributed to modern science and the development of
Western political thought.

Socrates, born in 5th century BCE, makes a watershed in
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Plato like Socrates believed that reason not the experience of the sense led to genuine knowledge. He also believed in the quality of all people at birth. Plato believed that though the body dies and disintegrates; the soul continues to live forever. After the death of the body, the soul migrates to what Plato called the realm of the pure forms. It exists without a body, contemplating the forms. Plato thought that only the soul could perceive the ideal forms. He believed when the body and the soul combine, the body obstructs the soul 's ability to recall the ideal forms. He maintained that he could ride only a high in society as their abilities allow. His society was divided into three: workers to produce the necessities of life, soldiers to defend the state and philosophers to rule. There is no direct information of how Plato 's came to death. There are three stories of how he died one is Plato died in his bed. Another is Plato died at a wedding feast the last one suggest Plato died in his sleep.

Aristotle was Plato’s student from the Academy. He later developed his own ideas about government Aristotle analyzes form of government such as monarchy and democracy. Just as
Plato he preferred government by the many then the few. He then favored a constitutional government by members of the middle class. He called it the “polity”. A constitution is a set of laws that a set of people have made and
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