Ancient Greek Science and Astronomy

2201 Words Apr 27th, 2006 9 Pages
The Ancient Greek culture has had such an impact on the world that no matter where you look you're sure to find something Greek about it. Out of all the areas that the Greek culture is famous for there are two that tend to exert themselves into our own culture even today. That would be their Science and
Astronomy fields.

If one were to look up in a library books about ancient Greek science and astronomy they would have a mountain of books to sift through. There seem to be so many individuals who have contributed towards the great scientific and astronomic revelations that the list of names seems to go on and on. Many of the theories that were structured in the ancient Greek culture are still put to use today.

The goal of this paper is to
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He insisted it was "the very best" number because it contained the first four integers - one, two, three, and four [1 + 2 + 3
+ 4 = 10]. When written in dot notation these numbers formed a perfect triangle.

Taken directly from Thomas Heath who was a civil servant and also one of the leading world experts on the history of mathematics is a list of theorems attributed to Pythagoras and his followers: (i) The sum of the angles of a triangle is equal to two right angles. Also the Pythagoreans knew the generalization, which states that a polygon with n sides has sum of interior angles 2n - 4 right angles and sum of exterior angles equal to four right angles. (ii) The theorem of Pythagoras
- for a right-angled triangle the square on the hypotenuse is equal to the sum of the squares on the other two sides. We should note here that to Pythagoras the square on the hypotenuse would certainly not be thought of as a number multiplied by itself, but rather as a geometrical square constructed on the side. To say that the sum of two squares is equal to a third square meant that the two squares could be cut up and reassembled to form a square identical to the third square.
(iii) Constructing figures of a given area and geometrical algebra. For example they solved equations such as a (a - x) = x2 by geometrical means. (iv) The discovery of irrationals. This is certainly attributed to the Pythagoreans, but it does seem

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