Essay on Ancient History Notes

5495 WordsSep 10, 201322 Pages
Pharaoh: Amenhotep III Building Program: He began his building program very early in his reign. The Temple of Amen at Luxor; The colonnade and forecourt of this temple has been acclaimed by art historians as being the most impressive achievement of Egyptians temple architecture. The third Pylons at Karnak He demolished the shrines and monuments of earlier pharaohs, including some of his father’s, and used the rubble to fill his new pylon. This carried a lengthy inscription praising himself and Amen. On the southern side of the temple he built a smaller pylon and set in front of it two colossal statues of himself. Malkata Palace; 4 loosely connected palaces, residential apartments, courtyards and gardens, a small temple of Amen and…show more content…
strengthened his alliances with other countries by marrying the sisters or daughters of kings from Babylon, Mitanni, Syria and Arzawa. maintained an army throughout the empire. Reports from civil and military officials kept the pharaoh informed of what was happening within the empire. Tribute continued to flow into Egypt from all parts of the empire. Other: Amenhotep III issued two commerative scarabs promoting his success as a hunter. According to one he hunted 56 bulls in one day and 102 lions were killed in his first 10 years as king. Pharaoh: Amenhotep IV (Akhenaten) When early in his reign he changed his name to Akhenaten, meaning “He Who is of Service to Aten”, he also renamed his queen to Nefer-Nefru-Aten, which is “Beautiful is the Beauty of Aten.” Building Program: Akhenaten moved away from Amen, creating a new state cult of the Aten, building an innovative temple plan that was open to the sun’s rays. He broke with tradition when he built his tomb at Amarna and was probably buried there. The tomb was constructed for the whole royal family and featured scenes of the oryal family rather than funerary scenes. His new city, Akhetaten, Tel-El Amarna, was built on virgin soil dedicated to the Aten and included the usual complexes of an ancient city; temples, palaces, military barracks, treasuries, administrative
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