Ancient India Quick Writes Essay

1211 Words Oct 19th, 2013 5 Pages
1. How did the geographical location of the Indus Valley make possible the growth of civilization there?
The growth of civilization in the Indus Valley was made possible by the many geographical features surrounding the area where settlement in India first began. For example, the Indus River, which flows across the northern region of the subcontinent, would flood when the heavy snows of the Himalayas melted. As a result, a layer of fertile soil was left behind along the banks of the river, creating ideal farmland on which early settlers thrived. In addition, the Hindu Kush, the westernmost extension of the Himalayan Range, limited India’s contact with neighboring lands, such as China. In response to this separation, civilization in the
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4. What are some of the main features of Hinduism? The Hindu religion encompasses several features that have greatly affected the lives of many Indian people. Karma, for instance, or the belief that all actions produce reactions that a person will ultimately be accountable for, is one of the religion’s most prominent features. This is because another staple feature of Hinduism, reincarnation, is believed to be controlled by the idea of karma. If the quality of one’s actions was poor, in the next life, they will be reborn into a lower caste.
However, if the state of ones karma is good, they will continue to be reborn into a higher caste, where, in time, they are freed from life’s many worries and the cycle of rebirth. This salvation, or the Hindu’s ultimate goal, and one of the religion’s most important features, is brought when the soul of a moral person is joined with that of the universal spirit, Brahman.
5. What are the main teachings of Buddhism? Buddhism, a widespread Indian religion, focuses on the teaching of Siddhartha, the figure known for striving to find the meaning of life. Gautama devoted much of his time to meditation, where he discovered that the suffering many of us endure during our life is caused by the wanting of the material goods we cannot have. At the heart of the Buddha’s many teachings were four guiding principles known as the four noble truths. Within these, nirvana,