Ancient India and Medical Science

3403 Words Jan 16th, 2011 14 Pages
Ancient India saw great advancements in medical science. Some of these fields were dental surgery, cataract extraction and plastic surgery. It is amazing that even in the absence of anesthesia some of the complex operations are performed. Around 800 B.C the first instances of surgery were recorded. It was considered as one of the eight branches of Ayurveda.Shushruta- Samhita is the oldest treatise dealing with surgery. The main medical practitioners were Atraya, Charaka and Shusruta.Shushruta studied human anatomy with an aid of a dead body. He had described in great detail surgery in eight parts which included chedya,lekhya,vedhya,esya,ahrya,vsraya and sivya.He excelled in plastic surgery and ophthalmology (removing cataracts).The …show more content…
Used as an appetiser.
Anethum graveolens
Indian dill
Satahva
For abdominal colic, intestinal colic, ophthalmic disorders, pelvic inflammatory diseases, and body pain.
Is analgesic, anti-febric, vermifugal and is a digestive. Used as an appetiser.
Asparagus racemosus
Asparagus {Chinese: 天门冬} Shatavari
To nourish the female reproductive system.
Promotes lactation.

Azadirachta indica
Neem
Neem
For skin disorders. Has blood purifying and immune-boosting properties. Is an anti-bacterial and anti-fungal agent.

Bacopa monnieri
Bacopa
Brahmi
Improves alertness.
Is an anti-anxiety agent.

Benincasa hispida
Winter melon
Kushmanda
Used as a food for vigour, to nourish body and to purify blood. It is an appetiser, is easy to digest, and removes constipation. It is used to normalise bowel movements and is a remedy for mental disorders, epilepsy, mania, psychological disorders and other mental conditions.
Betula utilis
Himalayan Birch
Bhurjapatra
For ear disorders, bile disorders, anomalies of blood, psychological disorders. Has anti-obesity and anti-toxin functions.
Boerhavia diffusa
Boerhaavia
Punarnava
For efficient kidney and urinary functions, urinary tract infections.

Capsicum annuum
Red Pepper
Katuvira
Used to arouse the digestive fire, remove kaphha dosha, produce burning…