Ancient Mesopotamian Gods

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Mesopotamian cities and states had patron gods or goddesses, who were considered the high authoritative figures of law, fertility and weather. There were kings and priests, known as “ensi,” they achieved access to high power and major duties by marrying their priestesses, translating the wishes gods’. There were three very important gods; they were the god of earth and storm named Enlil, the sky god; Anu, the water god’s name was Ea or Enki. Then came the sun god Utu, or Shamash Nanna; was the moon god, or Sin; and Inanna, or Ishtar was the goddess of fertility. As fear of war overpowered fear of infertility, the religious focus started to change. When t the third millennium B.C. approached, everyone looked up to the gods as a higher power. They still were recognized as protectors bringing love or security to every that they watched over, Marduk…show more content…
Mesopotamian gods were more like translators of law and spoke for the people of their city-state; pharaohs had authority throughout Egypt they were basically known as living gods. With the power, they ensured wealth and fertility by putting control on the waters, and to convert order and justice into laws. Amen was the king of the gods; god of the Nile and of the dead was named Osiris. His partner Isis was the moon goddess and mother of creation. Other high-ranking gods included the son of Osiris, his name was Horus, and the god of knowledge his name was Thoth.
In conclusion, the ancient civilizations of Mesopotamia and Egypt, religion was crucial to life and life was inseparable from religion. Religious customs and laws led the day-to-day presence of all citizens; their rank in society also played a huge part. Both Mesopotamia and Egypt were led by theocracies, where people thought that the kings ruled by spiritual right. However, their systems reflect the different social and geographical characteristics of each
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