Ancient Olympic Games - Essay

2195 Words Dec 29th, 2012 9 Pages
History and Origin of the Ancient Olympic Games

Stephanie Butcher
History 301 History of Ancient Greece
05/26/2012
Introduction

The ancient Olympic games represent a part of Ancient Greek history that the world continues to celebrate today. Every four years world nations gather at a specific site to compete in the Olympic games. This coming together of world nations symbolizes a time of peace and unity among the world. With every victory came honor, glory and pride for the winning athlete and their country.
The history and origin of the Olympic games includes religious celebrations, mythical stories as well all embracing Greece’s’ love and respect of pure athleticism. This paper will discuss the history and origin of
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The extra three months were inserted in the 3rd, 5th, and 8th years. It was believed by the Greek historians that the Greeks kept the 8-year calendar when the Olympic games were invented in the 776 BC. Later, the two four-year periods were measured as the octaeteris: one of the 50 months and one of 49 months; and they made these 4-year periods known as the "Olympiads"[3]. These four years’ periods exist today as well, and in the month of February, after every four years, a leap day is added up and the Olympics are conducted. Thus, the Olympic games are held according to the Olympic Calendar based on a four year Olympiad.
Sacred Truce The truce carries the meaning "the break of hostilities" and "the holding of hands" in the Greek language. It had begun in the form of a month-long "Holy Treaty" between King Lykourgos of Sparta, King Iphitor of Elis, and King Kleosthenes of Pisa in 824 BC. A bronze discus had the terms of this truce carved upon it, and it was kept in Altis, in the Temple of Hera at Olympia. The Truce was mainly meant to deliver peace and harmony all across Greece. It covered the following clauses: ➢ Armies and weapons were not permitted to enter Elis; ➢ The hostile areas were safe for travelling of the attendees whose city-state was at war; ➢ There was no permission for the death penalties. Before the beginning of the Olympic festivals, the news of the truce was spread through the three news bearers,