Ancient Philosophy

737 Words Aug 28th, 2014 3 Pages
Plato's early dialogues are referred to as the Socratic dialogues. During these dialogues

there is nothing to suggest that the search for virtue and the human good goes beyond

the natural realm. In the early dialogues the good and proper things are found through

questioning. This however, changes in Plato's middle dialogues. In his middle dialogues

Plato leads us to the theory of knowledge. A shift toward the metaphysical guided by

the first recognition of the Forms, that is, the true nature of all things. He claims Morals

must be based on an appropriate political structure that can be upheld by leaders with

strict scientific training. The theory of the Forms is not restricted to human principles; it

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Mankind has been duped. What they see and interact with is simply an outlined reflection

of reality. Philosophers are the ones who have freed themselves from their shackles. Not

only have they acknowledged the existence of the puppeteers, but they have ventured out

into the real world and gleamed insight which they wish to share with humanity.

Plato wants the reader to understand that the real or the perfected state does not

exist in this world; however we access the immaterial though our own intangible souls.

For Plato the true form of everything is perfect and therefore intangible and outside of

time, so too is the immaterial human soul. In this same vein Philosophy, which to Plato is

the study of the intangible, builds ones knowledge of the perfected state. Plato believes

that in accessing the perfected forms through the immortal soul we build up knowledge

that we will retain in our transcended immortal state; when we exist together with the


Question 3

Aristotle believed that all things dealt in Telos; Teleology being the study of ends and

purposes. This is the principal building block of Aristotle’s greatest work, Nicomachean

Ethics. The highest end a man can attain is happiness. To Aristotle “Happiness is an

Ancient Philosophy Final Exam

activity of the soul in accordance with virtue”. A complete soul to Aristotle is comprised

of three parts each
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