Ancient World Research Paper

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INTRO: The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World inspired awe and fascination during their time. The Seven Wonders include; the Great Pyramids at Giza, the Colossus of Rhodes, Hanging Gardens of Babylon, the Temple of Artimas at Ephesus, the Statue of Zeus, the Mausoleum of Hallcannassus and the Lighthouse of Alexandria. Most of the seven wonders were destroyed by earthquakes, except for the Great Pyramids at Giza, which is the only one still standing today. The Colossus of Rhodes was a large bronze statue which stood near the harbor of Rhodes. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were built by King Nebuchadnezzer II for one of his wives, because she missed her homeland. The Temple of Artimas at Ephesus was built around 5000 bc. The Statue of Zeus was the most famous statue in the ancient world. The Mausoleum of Hallcannassus was famous because of its large size and decoration. All large tombs are named mausoleums today. The Lighthouse of Alexandria was designed by Greek architect, Sotratos.

DET: The Great Pyramid at Giza is
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Each side of the pyramid is oriented with a cardinal direction, “North, South, East or West”.

HOW: Ancient methods of building required various techniques. Historians believe that The Great Pyramids were built around 2560 B.C.. They were built by slaves and it is believed that they moved the stones from a quarry and hoisted/lifted them into place. The Pyramids at Giza have concave sides. They were 147 meters tall, but today, because of erosion, they are only 139 meters tall. If modern day man attempted to build an exact replica of the Great Pyramids, it would be impossible.

WHY: The Great Pyramids at Giza is included as one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World because they were admired by so many people of the Ancient World. All were amazed to understand how these structures were built and could withstand the environmental destruction caused to the other great
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