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And Symbolism In The Necklace, By Guy De Maupassant

Decent Essays
Ten years lost on repaying debts, losing money, time, and her beauty; Guy De Maupassant illustrates in his 1884 short story “The Necklace,” that self-indulgence can cost more than intended. De Maupassant uses irony and symbolism throughout this common tale of greed. He illustrates the main character Mathilde Loisel, a very sad and selfish woman, never happy with things in her life, always in search of finer, richer, and better possessions. “Mathilde suffer[s] ceaselessly, feeling herself born to enjoy all delicacies and all luxuries” (para. 3). When her devoted husband provides all he can; even an invitation to the ball at the palace, Mrs. Loisel is not content. She needs a new dress, and jewelry, inevitably she borrows a diamond necklace, so she can pretend she is more and has more. She loses the necklace, and then Mr. and Mrs. Loisel spend 10 years paying off the replacement; only to find out the original is a fake. Mathilde is a very greedy and selfish woman, with the use of symbolism, characterization, and social class; De Maupassant illustrates how these traits in human nature can cost a person everything. “She would have liked so much to please, to be envied to be charming, to be sought after” (5). Mathilde’s character is always striving to have others see her outside of her reality, to have someone think of her to be in a higher class of society. De Maupassant uses the class separation to intensify Mathilde’s desires versus reality. She often refers to not having
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