And Tribals: Natural Resources And Tribals

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Natural Resources and Tribals

In the past, the tribals enjoyed considerable freedom in the use of natural resources. They were virtually lords of water, forest and land (Jaal, Jungle and Zameen). They are peace loving people. Their attachment to the land traditionally occupied either for habitation or cultivation is unmatched. They have gallantly resisted invasions on their territory. With the introduction of State management of the forests, particularly since the close of the 19th century, the relationship between the tribals and the forests has undergone considerable change. The first national policy on forest was formulated in 1894. It introduced State control over forests in public interest which resulted in the curtailment of rights and privileges of the tribals over the forest resources. The primitive Tribal-Culture is naturalistic-culture. In this culture there is a symbiotic relationship with nature which is based on the ideal of nutrition, not on exploitation. The relation between nature and naturalistic tribal community is of “Mother and Infant”. The tribal ideology is to derive minimum from nature, for the fulfillment of their basic necessities of life. The child has the natural right on mother. So the tribal community believes that they have the natural right on- water, forest and land- which are the integral parts
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Currently in between the exploitation of natural resources for national economic growth and maoist ideals - the security of tribal welfare, the tribal life is passing through a very critical juncture. Hence their slogan is “Human Rights”. The tribals do not desire to exploit the natural resources to establish Industries and Mines but they wish to live their lives as siblings of nature by using only the naturalistic gifts for their
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