Andres Bonifacio: Filipino Nationalist and Revolutionary

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Andrés Bonifacio was born November 30 1863, was a Filipino nationalist and revolutionary. He was a founder and leader of the Katipunan movement which sought the independence of the Philippines from Spanish colonial rule and started the Philippine Revolution. From a young age, he was obsessed with independence for his country from the oppression of the Spanish.He is considered a de facto national hero of the Philippines. Bonifacio is also considered by some Filipino historians to be the first president of the Philippines, but he is not officially recognized.
In the beginning he joined the ‘La Liga Filipina’ The Philippine League an organization that fought for reform during the Spanish rule. The group’s aims were to unite the whole
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The use of blood, represent the sincerity and loyalty that the members are willing to put there on life at risk to fight for the freedom for their country. Apart from the use of blood as promise in the membership, a new recruit would be asked 3 significant questions. Any man who wanted to join the Katipunan had to pass first a number of tests to prove his courage and sincerity. Wearing a black robe, the new recruit was led blindfolded into a darkly lit room. He was told to answer these questions: (1) "In what condition did the Spaniards find the Filipino people when they came?” (2) "In what condition do they find themselves now?” and (3) what hope do the Filipino people have for the future?"
This was followed by other tests for the new recruit. The final test was the ‘sandugo’ or "Blood compact". The recruit was asked to make a small cut on his left forearm with a sharp knife. He then signed the Katipunan oat in his own blood. Afterwards, the new member chose a symbolic name for himself. For example, Bonifacio was called "Maypag-asa" (Hopeful).

Women who joined the Katipunan were restricted to the wives, daughters, or close relatives of the Katipuneros. The women’s chapter of the Katipunan was formed in July 1893. Only about thirty females were known to have joined this secret society. The women did not have to seal their membership with a blood compact. During Katipunan meetings, they wore green masks, and white sashes with

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