Anemia: Medical Case Study of Ms A

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Case Study # 1 It is common for women to experience heavy menstrual bleeding at some point in their life. These periods can be painful making it difficult for one to function in their daily work. A good percentage of women who experience this situation also known as menorrhagia goes on to develop anemia. Ms. A. a 26-year-old white woman had been experiencing increased shortness of breath, low energy levels and these symptoms got worse during her menstruation periods. She had also been experiencing Menorrhagia and dysmenorrheal for the last 10-12 years. There is a possibility that Ms. A could be suffering from anemia. Moreover, on the day she was taken to the emergency clinic, she experienced light-headedness the attending physician’s notes indicated a temp of 98 degrees F, an elevated heart rate and respiratory rate, and low blood pressure. According to a study done by Ilyas , et al. (2012 ), Iron deficiency (ID) is majorly responsible for the cause of nutritional anemia. Specifically Menorrhagia responsible for loss of more than 80 mL during the menstrual periods is the most common cause of anemia in young women. Consequently, anemia commonly causes reduction of oxygen movement in the blood, causing fatigue and a diminished physical capacity. In addition, even moderate anemia can bring about shortness of breath, rapid heart rate, lightheadedness as well headaches. Based on the above clinical symptoms that suggest anemia, the detection or confirmation require a complete

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