Animal Conservation Strategies and Inclusion of Rural Indigenous Communities

2112 Words Feb 20th, 2018 8 Pages
Over the centuries, established methods for hunting and utilisation had arisen and evolved to become part of the very fabric of human existence in Africa. During the 1800s and well into the 20th century, European colonialists established and maintained substantial control over the African continent; as such, European influences affected multiple aspects of life for indigenous, black Africans as well as the wildlife with which they shared the land. The colonial rulers of the various African countries instigated their own concepts of wildlife utilisation across Africa – imposing it upon the indigenous populations. These concepts were often diametrically opposed to the culturally accepted methods and traditions of the various indigenous peoples for wildlife utilisation and exploitation. While these European concepts may have been beneficial to wildlife in some cases, the implementation of these concepts were solely for the benefit of the white ruling class. The subsequent resentment by indigenous communities over the forced acquisition of their land, restricted access to wildlife they had been allowed to hunt for generations before them, as well as continual oppression by this same colonial state, galvanised suspicion and hostility towards this colonial rulers as well as the specific conservation models imposed upon the indigenous communities by the state.…