Animal Nutritional Requirements For Animals

1773 Words Nov 27th, 2014 8 Pages
Introduction
All animals fall into three different categories, they are either a carnivore, herbivore or a omnivore and therefore each food group has different nutritional requirements. All animals will have different feeding plans depending on the type of animal food category they fall into.

Task one
Animal Nutritional Requirements
All animals have nutritional requirements, they all include the same types however depending on the type of animal depends on how much of each substance is needed. Animals need carbohydrate because this is the basic source of energy and allows muscle contraction. In an animals’ total calorie intake in one day, around a half to two –thirds of this is carbohydrate. The most often energy source used for carbohydrate is glucose however there are others such as starch, sucrose, maltose and lactose. If there is any leftover carbohydrates in the body then this will be turned into fat and stored in the body until it has been used. There are two types of carbohydrates they are simple and complex.
1.Carbohydrates
Simple carbohydrates are monosaccharides and this type of carbohydrates can be broken down easily and it can be processed for energy. Complex carbohydrates are polysaccharides and they can be found in fibre in the cell walls of plants. Complex carbohydrates are not able to use enzymes to break them down. You will be able to find complex carbohydrates in forage such as hay. It is fermentated in the hind gut (cecum) by micro organisms this…
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