Animal Products And Its Effects On Myanmar

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In Myanmar, NTFPs is defined as “all kinds of forest produce other than timber and firewood.” This includes animals, vegetables, and mineral products (Khin Maung Lwin 1995). Myanmar Forest Law 1992 called NTFPs as minor forest produce. According to the Forest Law 1992, NTFPs are declared for revenue collection. Forest Department levy tax on 29 kinds of forest products including NTFPs according to the law. The production of NTFPs from 2010 to 2014 is shown in the Appendix 1. NTFPs in Myanmar can be divided into 13 groups according to their nature and uses (Khin Maung Lwin 1995). These include (1) bamboo, (2) cane (rattan), (3) tanning bark, (4) Shaw (bast), (5) scented wood and bark, (6) gum, resin, and oleo-resin, (7) spice, (8) roofing…show more content…
Rice is the staple food of Myanmar. Myanmar eats rice with various curries. Different kinds of spicy are used in cooking. Some important species uses in cooking as spicy include: Phala (Caradamom - Elettaria cardamomum), Ngayok-kaung (black pepper- Piper nigrum), Peikchin (long pepper- Piper longum) and Karawe (Cinnamomum spp.) (Khin Maung Lwin 1995). Wildlife is an important source of food; particularly bushmeat provides a major source of protein to people diets (Tin Moe 2005). Rural people in Myanmar hunt birds, mammals, reptiles, amphibians, fish and insects (a major protein supplement) for food and to earn extra cash (Khin Maung Lwin 1995). 2.2.2 NTFPs for Medicine Medicinal plants have been important in human healthcare throughout history, and continue to play a key role amongst forest communities (Shackleton et. al. 2011). In Myanmar, most of the rural areas are lacking modern medicine and health services. Some of the areas are very far from the urban area and sometimes difficult to access. Sometimes modern medicine and healthcare services are expensive and they are not affordable. Traditional medicines obtained from local plant and animal species are easily available and free or low cost (Shackleton et. al. 2011). Rural people have good knowledge on medicinal plants their uses. In Myanmar, medicinal plants play a role in both modern and traditional health care system (Khin Maung Lwin 1995). Some example species include: Bomayaza
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