preview

Animal Testing is Necessary, but Should All Testing of Pharmaceuticals be Carried Out on Animals?

Decent Essays
Introduction
Animals have been used for pharmaceutical testing throughout history. The Greeks in early BC were the first to carry out animal testing using live animals to test experiments and different medicines on. (en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_animal_testing)
Animal testing has provided many positives to human lives but is still a controversial issue. Some people believe that animal testing is unnecessary and alternatives should be considered. Others believe animal testing is essential to find if certain drugs are harmful to humans.

Biology
Animal testing involves testing pharmaceutical drugs on animals in order to see the effectiveness and side effects of the drug. This is usually carried out by inhaling, inserting or
…show more content…
It can not determine the side effects such as vomiting, rashes, bleeding and strokes which can occur from some drugs (Kristina Cook, 2006) It would be unsafe to distribute a drug if the side effects were not known.
“The whole organism is so complex that a drug that was effective and nontoxic in-vitro may turn out to be ineffective or toxic when given to a human being”
(Sonu Singh, December 2009)

Animal testing should continue as the impact of diseases have been reduced or in some cases cured. An example of this is the disease Polio which causes paralysis and affected many in the 1900s. A polio vaccine was experimented on animals and later used on humans saving many lives. Flu vaccinations, antibiotics, vaccines and many other pharmaceuticals-all used on humans have been through animal testing to deem them safe. (www.123helpme.com/view.asp?id=19866)
Dr Conn a scientist at the Oregon University said that “polio, smallpox, and tuberculosis are but some of the ailments that have largely disappeared thanks to animal research.” Quoted by Dr Conn, 2009 (biotechpharmaceuticals.suite101.com/article.cfm/is_animal_testing_in_scientific_research_needed)

Animal testing should not continue when alternative methods could be implemented to reduce unnecessary harm to animals. This is because animals are
Get Access