Animals And Animal Ethics: Animal And Environmental Ethics

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Name Professor Course Date Animal and environmental ethics Animal experimentation is an approach to study how animal and human bodies work. It is used to test new medicine and the safety of new products. Those in support of the practice argue that medical achievements rely on animal experimentation. On the other hand, opponents argue that apart from the practice being cruel, some of the procedures are outdated and the experiments cannot be used to predict effects in humans. Most of these experiments affect the animals and reduce their quality of life. For this reason, experimenting on animals produces ethical problems because it causes suffering to the animals. There are a number of ethical considerations associated with animal experimentation…show more content…
Accordingly, right and wrong is determined by the greatest happiness for the greatest number. Utility in this sense is pleasure, well-being and the lack of suffering. The approach holds that all humans desire happiness. In determining what is moral and what is not, public utility should play an important role and interests of humanity should come first. Therefore, the merits of moral actions should be proportionate to the number of individuals who will derive happiness from such an action. In the case of animal experimentation, the approach follows that animal experimentation is moral because human utility is maximized from successful animal experiments. Although the animals used in the experiments suffer, the benefits to human beings always come first and these benefits determine what is right and what is wrong. The criticism of this approach is that it is impossible to predict consequences and, therefore, not possible to assign utility to acts. In this case, it is impossible to determine the utility from animal experimentation because the consequences, especially the effect of drugs tested on humans, cannot be predicted (Brom
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