Ankle And Foot Essay

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Introduction The lower extremity, an important part of a person’s daily lifestyle; responsible for most things related to movement, and travelling from one place to another. This region of the body includes the hip, knee, ankle, and the bones of the thigh, leg, and foot. Most people refer to the lower extremity as the leg. The leg, however, is in fact the body part situated between the knee and the joints of the ankle. Along with the hip joint, the leg, knee, ankle and foot work together in synchronised unison to enable movement in the lower extremity. This report shall focus on a study of the hip, knee, and the ankle and foot.


Structure and Movement

Of all vital parts in the human body, the hip joint is one of the most significant, bearing the
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These injuries occur less frequently as compared to ACL tears, and physical therapy, instead of surgery, is the more widely used option.

Ankle and Foot

Structure and Movement (Ankle)

The human foot is a part of the human body where mechanical complexity and structural strength both play vital roles. The ankle serves to provide a foundation, shock absorption and propulsion for movement, while the foot assists in sustaining significant pressures and loads, along with providing flexibility and mobility.
The foot and ankle contains up to 26 bones, 33 joints, more than 100 muscles, tendons and ligaments and a complex system of blood vessels, nerves, skin, and tissue.
Together these important components serve to provide support, balance and mobility to the rest of the body above. A hinged synovial joint, the range of motion of the ankle comprise primarily plantarflexion and dorsiflexion, or an up-and-down movement. However, along with other ranges of motion, the full network of joints function as a single universal joint, as shown in the following image.

Anatomy of the lateral ankle ligamentous complex and related
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