John Holland was a remarkable psychologist that took special interest in career choice and personality traits. Holland’s career counseling perspective started while studying at the University of Minnesota for graduate school in counseling. In graduate school, was when he discovered that people express personality in various ways (Nauta, 2010, p.12). He expressed that personality and career interests work together somehow (Nauta, 2010). The John Holland’s Typology “is the concept that one chooses a career to satisfy one’s preferred modal personal orientation” (Zunker, 2012, p. 27). He made two major points about how people are influenced for a career choice. The first point was that people search for an environment that they can utilize their skills and abilities, and reveal their values and attitudes in the most influential way. The second point was that “a person’s
The way a parent parents a child has a dramatic effect on a child’s development. In fact, research has revealed that parenting styles can impact a child’s cognitive, psychological, and social growth, which affects children in the childhood years, teenage years and adolescence. The reason is that children develop through a number of stimuli, communication, and conversation, which surround them. Families provide a structured environment in which a child lives while parents serve as role models and have a influence on their growth which can influence them either in a positive or negative way. This paper discusses the four parenting styles Diana Baumrind identified through extensive observation, interviews and analyses.
This paper details how the work of Frank Parsons led to the development of the trait-and-factor theory, features various trait-and-factor models, and its impact in the career counseling field.
Henderson's career in research began when she joined the Yale School of Nursing as Research Associate in 1953 to work on a critical review of nursing research. Her findings indicated that most nursing research studied nurses, not nursing care. A series of editorials she wrote for professional journals helped stimulate the reorientation of nursing
And when these in turn are satisfied, again new (and still “higher”) needs emerge and so on. This is what we mean by saying that the basic human needs are organized into a hierarchy of relative prepotency'. (Maslow, 1943, p. 375)
If the basic needs are satisfied at least to a minimum, then other needs are developed.
These two styles of parenting are both ineffective in fostering the talent and passions of their children at early ages. One unable to maintain a stable, healthy relationship during early childhood years and the other being too overbearing over the child's decisions in life caused the children to both undergo an avoidable difficult childhood. The result of each mother’s parenting is the opposite of what the mother’s had hoped their parental
There are a number of factors that have an impact on an individual’s performance which influence their job satisfaction. An individual’s performance can have a major impact on how well a business is operated. Their personality, values, perceptions of an organization, and motivation can affect their job performance. Employers want their employees to use their talents to their fullest capacity. I will list organizational development intervention strategies. These concepts will improve an individual’s behavior in order to achieve excellence. I give an insight to what motivates an individual to improve their behavior in the workplace. In organizational development (OD) employee empowerment gives an employee a certain level of responsibilities towards decision that align with their specific organizational task. As a manager, it is their duty to create a work environment in which employees feel empowered, productive, and satisfied in the workplace. If a manager values their employee, then they should show their appreciation through feedback that shows their unique value toward a company. Through effective communication and training, employees will be able to achieve excellence through positive feedback. Feedback is two-sided, it is an opportunity to share opinions and find solutions which creates success.
There are several parenting styles which guide children throughout their life. These parenting styles can be either good or bad and this will have an effect on the child; either a positive or a negative one. This essay investigates the parenting styles from which emerge questions about the role of the mother and the father. It also focuses on the ways that either too much mothering or too much fathering might have an effect on the child’s identity later on in its life.
When I first starting to read the chapters I never thought that there would be five theories that I could see myself using with my clients. I learned from this paper how even though my clients are coming to me for personal counseling and not necessary career counseling these theories are ones I need to know about. I am going to have clients who will have career problems and now I have tools to help them work through them. I can see myself using these theories with children as many pointed out that your career story starts from a young age.
There are many approaches on how to raise a child. There are many techniques on how parents/ caregiver wants processed in helping their child grow into a successful person. In the article it talks about the two dimensions of parenting which are acceptance/ responsiveness and demandingness/ control. Acceptance/ responsiveness mentions the parental to be supportive and warm. Demandingness/ control mentions behavior control that shows whether there is a right to direct or control how the parent does work. Based on the findings children of authoritarian parent seem unhappy and children of a permissive are often aggressive. This shows how much of an impact parents have on a child.
Doyal, L. & Gough, I., 1991 suggested in ‘A Theory of Human Need’ that further to Maslow’s hierarchy, all humans have eleven needs beyond Kerr’s “survival needs”. They referred to these as “intermediate needs” and cited that they would include things such as appropriate healthcare and economic
Physiological needs, such as food and shelter, are followed by needs related to safety. Next, there are needs of love and belonging. Fourth, humans have needs of esteem, such as the need for being respected. The final need in the hierarchy is the need for self-actualization (fulfilling one's potential). The hierarchy suggests that basic needs must be met prior to less basic needs; for example, a starving person will seek food before self-actualization.”(Maslow,
rowth): in which more than one need may be operative at the same time and that if the fulfillment of a higher-level need is unrealized, the desire to satisfy a lower-level need becomes the motivating focus
The chapter talks about parenting as an important factor for the children socioemotional growth and development. The chapter talks about the concept of four different types of parenting style: authoritarian, authoritative, permissive or permissive-indulgent, uninvolved or permissive-indifferent. Parenting styles varies from person to person. Hence, different people apply different parenting style for raising their child.