Annales School of History

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No rational human being will confuse a city of a fast developing country in 2011 with a Mediterranean village in 1500s. With the progress of technology, nature cannot restrain human activities as it did five hundred years ago. At the close of the twentieth century, the invention of internet revolutionized the way people shared information and catalyzed further technological advancement. Will these radical changes affect future historians’ understanding and practice of historiography? This question puts the Annales School of history under the scrutiny and debates of many modern historians. The Annale School of history was started by Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre. The name Annale comes from Annales d'histoire économique et sociale,…show more content…
However, those critics failed to notice that the time Braudel provided should be treated as relative rather than definitive. The time length that is relevant in Braudel’s world may become irrelevant in the contemporary world due to these radical changes. A good historian should adapt a new time length based on his own judgment rather than superficially take Braudel’s claim in its literate sense. Misunderstanding Braudel’s conception of historical time will also lead historians to a fetish obsession with historical event since they believe that radical changes within a society will liberate évènement from the influence of the structure. Historians who believe in independence of historical events tend not to believe in the continuality in history, which differentiates them from the Annalistes. According to Annalistes, every event has its causes and effects. These causes and effects enable an event to dominate a time period that is beyond its regular bonds. It can even approach infinity, link itself to a whole chain of events and finally to the impersonal force that initiated the first event.[6] If we think Braudel’s conception of time as a chain that connects the structure and évènement on its two ends, any or the
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