Annotated Bibliography On Hiv And Aids

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Overview of HIV Disease in India India has the third largest population of people living with HIV, behind Nigeria (second largest) and South Africa (largest population) (“India has 3rd Highest Number of HIV Infections,” 2014). There are approximately 2,100,000 [1,700,000 - 2,700,000] people living with HIV in India and there is a prevalence rate of 0.3% [0.2% - 0.3%] for adults aged 15 to 49 (“HIV and AIDS Estimates in 2013,” 2013). There is a high risk for HIV infection in India due to the high rate of unprotected sex, low use of condoms, injecting drugs with HIV contaminated needles, the low social and political status of women and the negative stigma associated with being HIV positive (“HIV/AIDS in India,” 2012). The main focus of the government on HIV and AIDS is to spread awareness in the population and to convey the importance of protected sex and blood safety. These goals about HIV infection prevention are addressed by various organizations in India and in the world, such as the AIDS Society of India and UNAIDS (“HIV/AIDS in India,” 2012). However, the majority of the HIV population in India does not know their HIV positive status, coverage of HIV treatment is only 36 percent and 64 percent do not have access to HIV antiretroviral treatment options (“India has 3rd Highest Number of HIV Infections,” 2014). Number of Infections: Old and New As of 2013, there are approximately 2.4 million people living with HIV/AIDS in India. The prevalence rate of about 0.3% in adults
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