Annotated Bibliography On Human Language

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Nehal, Mohammad and Afzal, Mohammad. (2013). “Evolution of Human Language – A Biolinguistic, Biosemiotic and Neurobiological Perspective”; Language in India, ISSN 1930-2940 Vol. 13:6, June 2013. Précis by Samantha Sutton, December 2, 2015 TOPIC In this article there are several depictions of how language has come about and how language has formed not only in humans but in the animal kingdom as well. Nehal and Afzal use several other scholars work in defining their research on the topic of human language evolution. In the article the scholars talk about several perspectives of how language has evolved such as: biolinguistics, biosemiotics, and neurobiological. SUMMARY Many theories and approaches have been used to explain the…show more content…
And that is where we find words like proto-language, fossil language, language genealogies and many approaches in the language study emerge and the main engine for language research in biolinguistics (677). Nehal and Afzal state that biolinguistics as the internal faculty of the organism to respond to the environment. Chomsky (1957) believed that this “internal organ” helps the adaptation to the environment, but even his research paving the path for this theory was short sided. Chomsky’s generative grammar had the limitation of genetic constraints predate the language evolution and many more. Second, the authors discuss biosemiotics. This approach to evolution suggests the importance of a primary and a secondary module of language. Chomsky has traced the similarities between two scholars coming to the conclusion that language has biological roots; it is a modeling system, and a few more. There was a difference that is surrounded around the cognitive development and the brain. The development of the brain is followed in the development of language. This is thought to be only after the human has been born. Chomsky had similar innovations in his study of linguistics; he replaced behaviorism of Skinner (1959) with modern cognitive base, which the introduced an innate type of universal grammar and a common program of principles called “minimalist programme” (679). Also modern linguistics separates two
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