Annotated Bibliography On Kenya Trafficking Legislation

2330 Words Dec 17th, 2014 10 Pages
Kenya Trafficking Legislation
1. Introduction and CITES: Convention in International Trade in Endangered Species
In 1975, the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES) came into force. Today, there are 179 countries who are “member parties” to the Convention. Each “member party” has some form of domestic legislation that implements CITES, thereby enumerating what is considered illegal trafficking in wildlife in that country and indicating what prosecutorial powers and judicial processes exist domestically for holding these criminals accountable. CITES has established a global framework to regulate and control international trade in endangered species of wild animals and plants listed in its three appendices. Primarily, it prohibits all international commercial trade in the Appendix I species (i.e., those threatened with extinction).
Many Member Parties to the Convention also have complementary legislation that can be used to support prosecution in wildlife trafficking. For example, laws related to money laundering, anti-terrorism and anti-corruption can be useful.
In this memo, we will discuss the domestic and regional legislation that Kenya is a party to that supports its ratification of CITES. We will analyze the primary legislation, the penalty structure and any relevant complementary legislation.
2. Primary National Legislation Implementing CITES
In reaction to increasing criticism over its outdated Wildlife…

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