In this paper we will present you a brief summary of recent attacks on Elliptic Curve Cryptography and countermeasure of these attacks. We will introduce only attacks which have been either performed practically or there is proof of concept of these attacks. We will not introduce any new attack on Elliptic Curve Cryptography. There is no perfect countermeasure against these attacks.
With the world becoming more advanced and more and more devices being conceived, ie. Smartphones, Smart car, and Smart house, along with a growing dependence on, them even on the level of the government, we need to protect our privacy and safety. It has been statistically shown that our safeguards against hackers and foreign threats is severely lacking. Still, this a worldwide problem, and with the technological revolution, people don’t know how to keep their information safe, so it is our job as part of the government to protect our citizens even from digital
During this time Richard has showed himself as a promising young specialist and researcher. His major specialization is Applied Mathematics and Computer Science, but as an exception for academic achievements, Alex was allowed by our faculty to write his projects and degree thesis in the field of Cryptography under Computer Security and Applied Algebra Department.
In the past decade, rapid advances have been made in the field of cryptography. These advances have brought considerable
The aim of this document is to provide an overview on the various cryptographic technologies in use today and what the future might hold. The document will cover the following subjects:
Communications Security is critical to preventing adversaries from obtaining information traversing the internet. With today’s technology just about all information is being transmitted via the internet or phone lines or mobile radios. This can be anything from credit card payments for online purchases to classified secret level or above information for military operations. The technology involved in the area evolving crypto systems such as KG-175s, emissions security or TEMPEST requirements protecting emanations, physical security like ensuring material is accounted for, and transmissions security or protecting information from interception. To support the ever growing technology there is specific equipment and storage requirements for network traffic and voice traffic. There is even equipment devised just to manage and account for the encryption devices on the network. The companies and organizations overseeing communications security include the National Security Agency, General Dynamics, and the Committee on National Security Systems. Finally there are global implications for communications security. National Security Agency surveillance and cyber attacks are among the most relevant concerns in today’s communications security. First discussed will be the technology involved in the area.
There are many aspects to security and applications, from secure commerce and payment to private communications and protecting passwords. Cryptography, is the practice and study in securing communication between parties in the presence of potential adversaries (Yousuf, N.D.). This report focuses on modern methods of cryptography its operation, strengths and weaknesses, its application techniques in computing and some other aspects where cryptography deemed essential as discussed in this report.
The concept of securing the messages through cryptography has a long history. The word cryptography stems from the two Greek words “crypto” and “grafein” meaning “hidden” and “write” respectively. Julius Caesar is credited with creating one of the earliest methods of cryptography system to send the message to his generals.
Abstract— Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) introduce a new way to interact with the physical environment. The security in WSNs became an attractive area of research. WSNs are susceptible to a wide range of malicious attacks. At present ECC is considered for secure communications, which is having good potential for WSN security due to its smaller key size and its high strength of security. Unfortunately, the execution time of ECC is more which is not suitable for more number of applications. A number of other security mechanisms have been proposed for sensor networks to provide data confidentiality, namely Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) and Data Encryption Standard (DES). In this paper, we propose an algorithm, which is compared and analyzed with the existing ECC and AES to provide better security with authenticated sensor nodes. The authentication is done with a secret code. The proposed algorithm will ensure the secure communication with authenticated devices. The analysis results shows that the scheme works better than the common existent schemes with better utilization of available memory.
Cloud-assisted mobile health (mHealth) monitoring, which applies the prevailing mobile communications and cloud computing technologies to provide feedback decision support, has been considered as a revolutionary approach to improving the quality of healthcare service while lowering the healthcare cost. Unfortunately, it also poses a serious risk on both clients’ privacy and intellectual property of monitoring service providers, which could deter the wide adoption of mHealth technology. This paper is to address this important problem and design a cloud-assisted privacy preserving mobile health monitoring system to protect the privacy of the involved parties and their data. Moreover, the outsourcing decryption technique and a newly proposed
Nowadays, Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) are getting more and more involved in our society, researchers and manufacture. As the use of WSNs increases the more challenges rise to make them immune and life longer. Therefore, both fields industry and academia invest money to improve the capability of the security integrity, confidentiality, and authentication. Since WSNs are distributed in unfrequented and abandoned venues, the physical security is unconcerned or less concern. The most concern is the lifetime of Wireless sensor networks, sensors have limited source of power. Thus, economizing energy will keep sensors live longer, the less power means more efficiency. Moreover, secure data is important as well, since no one attends where sensors are located, it is easy to manipulate data or steal it. Cryptography provides high security to WSNs, using algorithms to encrypt and decrypt the sent data is
Over the years, cryptography has been used to protect secrets, in a military capacity to make sure that either hackers, enemies of the countries, do not intercept sensitive formation. Ciphers, and encryption blocks are becoming so hard to break even the best super computers cannot break the codes in a timely fashion. Encryption has been improved over the years, also has been around for thousands of years and this paper is intended to explain about different forms of cryptography that either has been used or is still in use to this day. This paper is about
Data encryption and decryption have become increasingly important as more people are communicating over the internet. Although cryptology is not new, the demand for this technology has soared as its usefulness for security purposes has become more evident. Cryptology involves converting original messages into non-readable formats and plays an important role in keeping data safe while it is in transit (Agrawal & Mishra, 2012). Two popular forms of cryptology are symmetric and asymmetric.
The objective of this paper is to bestow secure patient-centric personal health record access and efficient key management as well. Idea here is to introduce a new technology that includes the encryption standards as well as water marking concept in order to protect the privacy of the patient’s health records. Firstly, attribute based encryption concept which provides data encryption by generating private key to the user and gives the user to provide access to the person who they want to share by generating public key during the decryption of their personal health record.
Therefore, it has become a stern obligation for the net users to somehow protect their privacy on the web in the best possible means they simply can. But the fact stands quite absolute that protecting your privacy against NSA, or any other spying organization, is not at all simple as it seems and obviously not a matter of just downloading an app from the web and all done. However, thanks to the overwhelming continues works of non-profit/open source software developers and cryptographers that such software’s are made which can counter against these giant privacy-tracking adversaries. Privacy protecting techniques are important especially for journalist community worldwide who continuously convey important information’s around the globe with their correspondents.