Annotated Bibliography

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Annotated Bibliography

Agocs, C. (1997). Institutionalized resistance to organizational change: Denial, inaction and repression. Journal of Business Ethics, 16(9), 917-931. This article discusses the pros and cons of advocating change within the workplace. It also discusses the reason (s) individuals are said to resist change because of habit and inertia, fear of the unknown, absence of the skills they will need after the change, and fear of losing power. OD approaches to organizational change presents a solid consensus that change and resistance can and should be "managed" by developing a strategy for change and using the OD tool kit of interventions such as training and communication programs, confrontation meetings, stakeholder
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In order for an organization to be successful, it depends upon the organizational structure, availability of resources, vision, and mission of the organization, and employees’ willingness to work towards the change-related goals (Brisson-Banks, 2010). Many employees, even at the management level, may lack the experience and motivation to recognize the urgency of change (Erwin, 2009). Ford, Ford, and D’Amelio (2008) wrote that resistance to change grows from broken agreements and trust violations. The article states how some people may experience anxiety about job stability and growth become overarching. In addition, they may fear that they will not be fortunate enough to retain their jobs, whereas others are simply unwilling or unprepared to learn and develop new skills.
Communication breakdowns within an organization may contribute to resistance in changing organizations. Managers must be prepared to talk candidly about the needs for change, otherwise fear and uncertainty will remain a prevailing element that can damage morale and prevent successful implementation of the desired changes at all levels of the organization. Employees need comprehensive information about the nature, processes, and consequences of organizational change.
Gibbons, P. T. (1992). Impacts of organizational evolution on leadership roles and behaviors. Human Relations, 45(1), 1.
Patrick Gibbons (1992) attempted to reconcile the strategic choice and the environmental determinism

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