Anomie Strain/ Differential Opportunity Theory

2566 WordsApr 17, 201211 Pages
Compare and Contrast; Anomie Strain and Differential Opportunity Theories Introduction- This paper will cover Anomie Strain, and Differential Opportunity theory. This will be done by an overview and explanations of the two theories, and by comparing and contrasting the theories based on the explanations Robert Merton, Richard Cloward, and Lloyd Ohlin proposes. To begin, the question that inspired Robert Merton, Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin was to explore what was the cause and explanation of why delinquents commit delinquent acts. Robert Merton created and dedicated his research on this question that later developed into his theory that he named Anomie Strain theory. Using the framework of Robert Merton, Richard Cloward and Lloyd…show more content…
When their goals are blocked then this results into strain and people react to this strain in the 5 different ways, which is known as the Merton’s 5 modes of adaptation that were previously mentioned. When a person adapts into a rebellion, then this choice leads to delinquencies. Based on Robert Mertons theory of Anomie strain, “if society can eliminate that conditions that create strain or frustration, like poverty or inequality, then society will be able to eliminate delinquency” (Regoli et al. 2010, p. 191). Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin developed differential opportunity theory. The two researches believed that delinquency comes from the separation between what children are taught to want and what is actually available to them. Clinard (1961), ‘Now adolescents who want to achieve success often join delinquent gangs. A problem comes about when the adolescent gangs proper means of attaining success is blocked, then they resort to non-favored means, which then develops into delinquency” (P.481). According to Regoli et al. (2010) Richard Cloward and Lloyd Ohlin believes that , “children of lower class who want to make a lot of money and make it fast are the children who would most likely join a gang. The problem is that these children are interested in having the nice cars, and flashy clothes but are not willing or don’t have the urge to make it to the middle class status or middle class way of life, which is obtained by going to school and
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