Anorexia Nervosa Essay

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Anorexia Nervosa is an eating disorder that is most prevalent in adolescent girls and young women. It is distinguished by the loss of at least 15% of the expected body weight (Long). The disease is characterized by the obsessive fear of gaining weight; through this fear, the person engages in dangerous dieting habits that prevent weight gain. According to statistics in 2011 anorexia is categorized as the third most common chronic disease among adolescents, in addition, eating disorders also have the highest mortality rate of any mental illness (Wilkins). Anorexia is a life-threatening disorder that I have only been slightly aware of. I was aware that anorexia was characterized by a serious amount of weight loss however, I never expected two …show more content…
I was terrified to find that these two easy-going girls had completely transformed into different people.
After returning home to Florida, I heard news from my mother that their condition had worsened and they were now seeing a Cardiologist. The graveness of the situation brought out my concern and led me to develop an interest in further investigating this eating disorder. I hope to discover the causes of the disease and whether it can be cured or not. This disorder has taken over their lives and completely changed their personalities. I hope to discover more about it and in turn, discover more about my friends and how to handle the situation.
Anorexia Nervosa is diagnosed by following five requirements, One, “Body weight is maintained at least 15% below that expected” (Long). Two, “weight loss is self-induced by avoidance of "fattening foods" and one or more of the following: self-induced vomiting; self-induced purging; excessive exercise; use of appetite suppressants and/or diuretics” (Long). Three, the person incorrectly views his/her body image and the idea of being fat becomes an obsessive idea and they impose a low weight threshold on themselves. Four, “a widespread endocrine disorder involving the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis is manifest in women as amenorrhea and in men as a loss of sexual interest and potency” (Long). “There may also be elevated levels of growth hormone, raised levels of cortisol, changes in the peripheral metabolism…