Anselm 's Argument On The Ontological Argument

1614 Words May 12th, 2016 7 Pages
Stephanie Iwaszkiw
PHL 101
Dr. Wiitala
Final Paper

In the Prologion, Anselm argues that God exists, otherwise known as the ontological argument. Anselm believes that “there is no doubt that something than which a greater cannot be thought exists both in the understanding and in reality (Anselm, Proslogion, 7).” In other words, we cannot imagine something that is able to be greater than God; it would be a contradiction to think being greater than the greatest possible being that can be thought of. A number of philosophers do not agree with Anselm’s argument, such as Gaunilo, St. Thomas Aquinas, and Immanuel Kant. However, despite these arguments against him, Anselm’s argument is still valid. Anselm’s argument, the ontological argument, states that we cannot imagine something that is able to be greater than God. There are six premises for his argument: first, it is a theoretical truth that God is the greatest possible being that is able to be thought of. Second, God is present as an idea in the mind. Third, one that is present as an idea in the mind and in reality is, holding everything else as being equal, greater than one that is present only as an idea in the mind. The fourth premise states that thus, if God is present only as an idea in the mind, then we are able to think of something that is greater than God, or a greatest possible being that exists. However, the fifth premise states that we are not able to think of something that is greater than God because it would…
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