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Antecedents And Consequences: A Case Study

Decent Essays
Antecedents and Consequences Antecedents further clarify defining attributes of concepts by demonstrating examples of incidents that must occur before the concept (Walker & Avant, 2011). Antecedents related to health literacy may include evidenced-based health information, communication in the healthcare environment between the provider and the patient, utilizing cognitive skills in decision-making processes about health, and navigating the health care system. These factors not only proceed health literacy, but influence patients’ health literacy levels.
Conversely, consequences stand as the events that occur as an outcome of the concept (Walker & Avant, 2011). Consequences of health literacy include lower health care costs, less frequent hospitalizations, less frequent visits to health care providers, an improved ability to manage own’s health, an improved ability to navigate the health care system, and an increased amount of knowledge related to health information (Egbert & Nanna, 2009; Betz et al., 2008). Furthermore, increasing health literacy also positively affects the community by promoting a healthier and more productive society.
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Moreover, empirical referents serve to measure or recognize the defining attributes, rather than the entire concept (Walker & Avant, 2011). The Rapid Estimate of Adult Literacy in Medicine (REALM), the Test of Functional Health Literacy in Adults (TOFHLA), and the Newest Vital Sign (NVS) remain three examples of empirical referents of health literacy. These tools assess the health literacy level of patients by evaluating word recognition, reading, comprehension, and numeracy skills (Mottus et al., 2014; Betz et al., 2008; Egbert & Nanna,
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