Anthropogenic Impact on Marine Environment and Consequent Pollution- International Perspective

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CONTENTS
1. Introduction
2. Impact of Anthropogenic activities on marine environment
3. Degradation of marine environment
4. Pollution of the Marine Environment
5. Classification of marine pollution
6. Effects of Marine pollution
7. International Instruments designed for the protection and preservation of marine environment
8. Possible Mitigative Measures
9. Conclusion
10. References

Introduction
An extreme range of environmental problems is now the subject of serious international concern. These include atmospheric pollution, marine pollution, global warming and ozone depletion, the dangers of nuclear and other extra hazardous substances and threatened wild life species. Some of the major objectives of International
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Pollution of the Marine Environment
As per Article 1(4) of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea , 1982 (UNCLOS), “pollution of marine environment” means the introduction by man, directly or indirectly, of substances or energy into the marine environment, including estuaries, which results or is likely to result in such a deleterious effect as to harm living resources and marine life, hazardous to human health, hindrance to marine activities, including fishing and other legitimate uses of the sea, impairment of quality for use of seawater and reduction of amenities.
Marine pollution is a serious ocean water resource challenge that can affect human and animal food resources. Unfortunately human activities are the largest contributor and cause of problems resulting from the oceans being polluted. Furthermore, as the human population continues to grow and extend the range of its activities, as well as increase its demands for marine goods and services, the world’s oceans and coasts will be increasingly stressed. In fact, growing coastal populations and overuse of marine resources are the main source of the problem. The pollution linked with rising coastal populations, availability of inadequate treatment infrastructure of sewage and other waste handling facilities is putting at risk human health and

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